- Capital: Bhisho
- Main towns: Port Elizabeth, East London, Uitenhage, Graaff-Reinet, Mthatha, Grahamstown (Makhanda)
- Population: 6 916 200 (2015)
- Area: 168 966 km² (13.8% of South Africa)
- Premier: Lubabalo Oscar Mabuyane (ANC)
- Key sectors: Automotive, agriculture, agri-processing, forestry, finance, retail, tourism, renewable energy.
- Infrastructure: Coega Industrial Development Zone, East London Industrial Development Zone, ports of East London, Port Elizabeth and Ngqura, airports at Port Elizabeth and East London.
- Notable tourism assets: Addo Elephant National Park, Mountain Zebra National Park, Wild Coast, Jeffreys Bay, National Arts Festival.
- Provincial government website: www.ecprov.gov.za
- Eastern Cape Development Corporation: www.ecdc.co.za
Investigate: The guide to business and investment in the Eastern Cape Province (e-book):
- Capital: Bloemfontein
- Main towns: Welkom, Sasolburg, Parys, Kroonstad
- Population: 2 817 900 (2015)
- Area: 129 825 km² (10.6% of South Africa)
- Premier: Sefora Hixsonia Ntombela (ANC)
- Key sectors: Agriculture, agri-processing, chemical manufacturing, mining, transport and logistics.
- Infrastructure: Maluti-A-Phofung Special Economic Zone, Bram Fischer International Airport, University of the Free State, Central University of Technology, N8 Corridor.
- Notable tourism assets: Vaal River, Gariep Dam, Golden Gate Highlands National Park, Cherry Festival, Mangaung African Cultural Festival (Macufe).
- Provincial government website: www.freestateonline.fs.gov.za
- Free State Development Corporation: www.fdc.co.za
Delve deeper: The guide to business and investment in the Free State Province (e-book):
Investment opportunities in the Free State here >>
- Capital: Johannesburg
- Main towns: Tshwane (including Pretoria), Ekurhuleni, Vanderbijlpark, Roodepoort
- Population: 13 200 300 (2015)
- Area: 18 178 km² (1.5% of South Africa)
- Premier: David Makhura (ANC)
- Key sectors: Financial and banking, manufacturing, trade, creative industries, media.
- Infrastructure: OR Tambo International Airport, Gautrain, major universities and research institutions, large convention centres, FNB Stadium (Soccer City).
- Notable tourism assets: Cradle of Humankind, Apartheid Museum, Constitution Hill, Magaliesberg, Soweto tours, Dinokeng.
- Provincial government website: www.gauteng.gov.za
- Gauteng Growth and Development Agency: www.ggda.co.za
Research: The guide to business and investment in Gauteng Province (e-book):
- Capital: Pietermaritzburg
- Main towns: Durban, Newcastle, Ballito, Port Shepstone, Empangeni, Ulundi
- Population: 10 919 100 (2015)
- Area: 125 755 km² (7.7% of South Africa)
- Premier: Sihle Zikalala (ANC)
- Key sectors: Chemicals, dissolving pulp manufacture, sugar, forestry, automotive, textiles and footwear, mining, oil and gas, logistics.
- Infrastructure: King Shaka International Airport, Dube TradePort, Richards Bay Industrial Development Zone, ports of Richards Bay and Durban, Albert Luthuli International Convention Centre Complex.
- Notable tourism assets: Hluhluwe-iMfolozi Park, the Drakensberg mountains, iSimangilso Wetlands Park, Durban beaches, South Coast, Zulu cultural heritage, historical battlefields.
- Provincial government website: www.kznonline.gov.za
- Trade and Investment KwaZulu-Natal: www.tikzn.co.za
Explore: The guide to business and investment in KwaZulu-Natal Province (e-book):
Investment opportunities in KwaZulu-Natal here >>
- Capital: Polokwane
- Main towns: Musina, Ba-Phalabora, Bela-Bela, Steelpoort, Tzaneen, Thohoyandou
- Population: 5 726 800 (2015)
- Area: 125 755 km² (10.2% of South Africa)
- Premier: Chupu Stanley Mathabatha (ANC)
- Key sectors: Mining, agriculture, tourism, logistics.
- Infrastructure: Musina-Makhado Special Economic Zone, N1 highway and rail network, new Medupi power station.
- Notable tourism assets: Kruger National Park, Mapungubwe Heritage Site, Makapans Valley, Marula Festival, Waterberg Biosphere.
- Provincial government website: www.limpopo.gov.za
- Limpopo Economic Development Agency: www.lieda.gov.za
Learn more: The guide to business and investment in Limpopo Province (e-book):
- Capital: Mbombela
- Main towns: Emalahleni, Middelburg, Sabie, Lydenburg
- Population: 4 283 900 (2015)
- Area: 76 495 km² (6.3% of South Africa)
- Premier: Refilwe Mtshweni-Tsipane (ANC)
- Key sectors: Agriculture, forestry, mining, steel manufacturing, petrochemicals, pulp and paper, power generation, tourism.
- Infrastructure: Nkomazi Special Economic Zone, Mbombela International Fresh Produce Market, Maputo Development Corridor, Kruger Mpumalanga International Airport.
- Notable tourism assets: Kruger National Park, Blyde River Canyon, Barberton Makhonjwa Mountains (a UNESCO World Heritage Site).
- Provincial government website: www.mpumalanga.gov.za
- Mpumalanga Economic Growth Agency: www.mega.gov.za
Examine: The guide to business and investment in Mpumalanga Province (e-book):
- Capital: Kimberley
- Main towns: Douglas, Upington, De Aar, Port Nolloth, Colesberg
- Population: 1 185 600 (2015)
- Area: 372 889km² (30.5% of South Africa)
- Premier: Dr Zamani Saul (ANC)
- Key sectors: Agriculture, mining, renewable energy, astronomy.
- Infrastructure: Upington Special Economic Zone, Sol Plaatje University, Vaalharts Irrigation Scheme.
- Notable tourism assets: Six national parks including the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park, Orange River, spring flower displays, diamond routes.
- Provincial government website: www.northern-cape.gov.za
- Department of Economic Development and Tourism: www.northern-cape.gov.za/dedat
Look into: The guide to business and investment in Northern Cape Province (e-book):
Investment opportunities in the Northern Cape here >>
- Capital: Mahikeng
- Main towns: Klerksdorp, Rustenburg, Brits, Potchefstroom
- Population: 3 707 000 (2015)
- Area: 104 882 km² (8.6% of South Africa)
- Premier: Professor Tebogo Job Mokgoro (ANC)
- Key sectors: Mining, agriculture, agri-processing, automotive components.
- Infrastructure: Hartbeespoort Dam, Pelindaba nuclear research unit, North West University, Bakwena Platinum Highway.
- Notable tourism assets: Sun City, Mmbatho Palms Hotel Casino Convention Resort, Pilanesberg National Park, 18 luxury lodges in Madikwe Game Reserve.
- Provincial government website: www.nwpg.gov.za
- North West Development Corporation: www.nwdc.co.za
Consider: The guide to business and investment in North West Province (e-book):
- Capital: Cape Town
- Main towns: Stellenbosch, George, Plettenberg Bay, Beaufort West, Oudtshoorn, Worcester, Malmesbury
- Population: 6 200 100 (2015)
- Area: 129 462 km² (10.6% of South Africa)
- Premier: Alan Winde (DA)
- Key sectors: Agriculture, agri-processing, wine and grapes, financial services, manufacturing, tourism, oil and gas, boatbuilding.
- Infrastructure: Ports of Cape Town, Saldanha and Mossel Bay, Mossgas oil-to-gas refinery, Cape Town International Airport, Cape Town International Convention Centre, Koeberg nuclear power station.
- Notable tourism assets: Table Mountain, Garden Route National Park, Karoo National Park, West Coast National Park, Kirstenbosch Botanical Gardens, Cape Point, V&A Waterfront, Plettenberg Bay, Route 62, Zeitz Museum of Contemporary Art.
- Provincial government website: www.westerncape.gov.za
- Wesgro: www.wesgro.co.za